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In silico metabolism prediction requires first predicting whether a specific molecule will interact with one or more specific metabolizing enzymes, then predicting the result of each enzymatic reaction. Here, we provide a computational tool, CypReact, for performing this first task of reactant prediction. Specifically, CypReact takes as input an arbitrary molecule (specified as a SMILES string or a standard SDF file) and any one of the nine of the most important human cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes-CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, or CYP3A4-and accurately predicts whether the query molecule will react with that given CYP450 enzyme. Tests of CypReact, conducted over a data set of 1632 molecules (each considered a "plausible" reactant) show that it is very effective, with a (cross-validation) AUROC (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve) of 0.83-0.92. We also show that CypReact performs significantly better than other reactant prediction tools such as ADMET Predictor and (a reactant-predicting extension of) SMARTCyp, whose average AUROCs are 0.75 and 0.53, respectively. We then applied the learned CypReact models to a previously unseen set of molecules and found that our CypReact did even better and still significantly surpassed the performance of SMARTCyp and ADMET Predictor. These results suggest that CypReact could be an important component of a suite of in silico metabolism prediction tools for accurately predicting the products of Phase I, Phase II, and microbial metabolism in humans. CypReact is available at https://bitbucket.org/Leon_Ti/cypreact .

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  Sometimes you just want to know which enzymes are likely to be involved in the metabolism of a molecule, CypReact DOI takes a structure (SMILES or sdf input) and predicts if the molecule will react with any one of the nine of the most important human...