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The transition states (TSs) of 5-endo-dig and 5-endo-trig anionic ring closures are the first unambiguous examples of nonpericyclic reactions with TSs stabilized by aromaticity. Their five-center, six-electron in-plane aromaticity is revealed by the diatropic dissected nucleus-independent chemical shifts, -24.1 and -13.7 ppm, respectively, resulting from the delocalization of the lone pair at the nucleophilic center, a ?? CC bond, and an in-plane alkyne (or alkene) ?? bond. Other seemingly analogous exo and endo cyclization TSs do not have these features. A symmetry-enhanced combination of through-space and through-bond interactions explains the anomalous geometric, energetic, and electronic features of the 5-endo ring closure transition state. Anionic 5-endo cyclizations can be considered to be "aborted" [2,3]-sigmatropic shifts. The connection between anionic cyclizations and sigmatropic shifts offers new possibilities for the design and electronic control of anionic isomerizations.


Gilmore, K.; Manoharan, M.; Wu, J. I. C.; Schleyer, P. v. R.; Alabugin, I. V. J. Am. Chem. Soc.2012, 134, 1058410594 (Paywall)Contributed by Steven Bachrach.Reposted from Computational Organic Chemistry with permissionThe activation energy for the 5-endo-dig...
Alpan Raval, Stefano Piana, Michael P. Eastwood, Ron O. Dror, and David E. Shaw, Proteins 2012, 80, 2071-2079 (Paywall)Contributed by Victor GuallarMany theoretical chemists work routinely on biological systems and, in...
The activation energy for the 5-endo-dig reaction of the anion 1 is anomalously low compared to its 4-endo-dig and 6-endo-dig analogues. Furthermore, the TS is quite early, earlier than might be expected based on the Hammond Postulate. Alabugin and Schleyer...