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Subvellerolactones B (1), D (2), and E (3), structurally unusual lactarane sesquiterpenoids, were isolated from the fruiting bodies of Lactarius subvellereus together with four known lactarane sesquiterpenes (4-7). The chemical structures and stereochemistries of compounds 1-3 were determined on the basis of spectroscopic analyses, including 1D and 2D NMR experiments and a convenient Mosher ester procedure. Subvellerolactone B (1) exhibited cytotoxicity against the A549, SK-MEL-2, and HCT-15 cell lines with IC50 values of 26.5, 18.3, and 14.2 microM, respectively, and subvellerolactones D (2) and E (3) showed cytotoxicity against the A549 and HCT-15 cell lines (IC50 (2): 25.1 and 17.8 microM, and IC50 (3): 19.6 and 28.7 microM, respectively).

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Kang Ro Lee and co-workers from Sungkyunkwan University in the Republic of Korea have published in Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry on the isolation of sesquiterpenoids from Lactarius subvellereus. These compounds had modest activity towards A549, and HCT-15...