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We investigate all 1812 isomers of the fullerene C60consistently with high-accuracy quantum chemistry methods. The isomers are optimized at the PBE-D3/def2-TZVP level of theory and their relative energies are obtained at the affordable and accurate hybrid-DFT level PW6B95-D3ATM/def2-QZVP. For the first time reliable values for the relative energy distribution among the 1812 isomers (maximum value of 549.1 kcal mol-1, average value of 189.8 ?? 46.8 kcal mol-1, 1267 isomers in an energy window of 150-250 kcal mol-1) are given. The quality of the DFT energies is verified by comparison with highly accurate DLPNO-CCSD(T)/CBS* results for ten selected C60isomers, and the DFT results are further used to benchmark several semiempirical methods. Our findings yield methodological insight into future multi-level modelling of larger carbon nano-structures. We correlate the best relative energies of the isomers to a number of topological indices, electronic properties, and geometrical measures in order to rationalize the isomeric stability aside from the common isolated pentagon rule minimizing the number of pentagon fusions. The information from the best qualitative measures can be condensed to the statement, that a small pentagon signature P1, a large volume, and a more spherical cage lead to a relatively stable isomer. In addition, the best semiempirical method was applied to all 31???924 isomers of C80.


Sure, R.; Hansen, A.; Schwerdtfeger, P.; Grimme, S., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2017, 19, 14296Contributed by Steven BacharachReposted from Computational Organic Chemistry with permissionThe Grimme group has examined all 1812 C60 isomers, in part to benchmark...
The Grimme group has examined all 1812 C60 isomers, in part to benchmark some computational methods.1 They computed all of these structures at PW6B95-D3/def2-QZVP//PBE-D3/def2-TZVP. The lowest energy structure is the expected fullerene 1 and the highest energy...