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Simulations and theory suggest that the thermodynamic anomalies of water may be related to a phase transition between two supercooled liquid states, but so far this phase transition has not been observed experimentally because of preemptive ice crystallization. We used calorimetry, infrared spectroscopy, and molecular dynamics simulations to investigate a water-rich hydrazinium trifluoroacetate solution in which the local hydrogen bond structure surrounding a water molecule resembles that in neat water at elevated pressure, but which does not crystallize upon cooling. Instead, this solution underwent a sharp, reversible phase transition between two homogeneous liquid states. The hydrogen-bond structures of these two states are similar to those established for high- and low-density amorphous (HDA and LDA) water. Such structural similarity supports theories that predict a similar sharp transition in pure water under pressure if ice crystallization could be suppressed.

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Strong evidence that water exists in two liquid forms finally settles a debate that has raged for a quarter of a century. The new study described in Chemistry World reveals direct experimental evidence for a phase transition between two liquid states but in...
There is strong evidence that water exists in 2 liquid forms according to researchers.Are there two forms of liquid water? This debate has raged ever since that idea was first proposed over 25 years ago. A new study now adds to the evidence that there may indeed...